ANGGREK SPECIES

SPECIES ORCHID OF INDONESIA
GENUS NAME DESCRIPTION IMAGE
Aerides Lour. Monopodial epiphytes with fairly long stems and strap-shaped leaves places into two rows. Inflorescens are many flowered. Flowers are medium sized, opening widely and scented, lip not movable and always trilobed and spurred. Column foot absent, pollinia two.
Appendicula Bl Sympodial plants without pseudobulbs, usually epiphytic but rarely terrestrial, with leaves all along the stems placed in two rows. Most species grow at lower to middle altitudes in the mountains, more than 60 species of Appendicula have so far been named, Sumatra has to be the center of development of the genus with 33 species.
Bulbophyllum Thou. Derivation of name from the Greek bulbos (bulb) and phyllon (leaf), referring to the prominent leafy pseudobulbs of most species. Bulbophyllum is one of the larges genera, with possibly as many as 1000 species, mostly come from South East Asia and adjacent islands. Indonesia has the largest species, Papua and Borneo contribute more than 500 hundred species
Calanthe R. Br.
Cleisostoma Bl. Monopodial epiphytes with short or rather long stems bearing in two rows. Derivation of name from the Greek kleistos (close) and stoma (mouth), in illusion to the calli which almost block the mouth of the spurs.
Coelogyne Lindl. Derivation of name from the Greek koilos (hollow) and gyne (female), probably referring to the deeply set stigmatic cavity found in the genus, between 120 and 150 species are reported, mainly from Indonesia and widely distributed from Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Celebes and Papua.
Cymbidium Sw. The name cymbidium is derived from the greek kymbes, a boat-shaped cup, in illusion to the lip shape in some species, In Indonesia they can be found in Sumatra, Java, Borneo and Papua.
Dendrobium Sw. Sympodial plants, more often epiphytic than terrestrial, with or without pseudobulbs which when present are often in the form of fleshy stems. Derivation of name from the Greek dendros (tree) and bios (life), an illusion to the aerial epiphytic existences of most species. Dendrobium with about 1000 species, is one of the largest of the genera in orchidaceae. Indonesia is the center distribution of this genera, from Sumatra, java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Molucca and Papua (West New Guinea).
Eria Lindl. Derivation of name from the Greek erion (wool), which refers to the wooly indumentum of the perianth. A large genus but not many people in Indonesia want to cultivate them, maybe not showy and mainly cool growing orchids.
Flickingeria A.D. Hawkes Epiphytic or lithophytic plants with creeping rooting rizhome producing erect branching stems. A genus of some 60 species in S.E. Asia, The centre of diversity lies in the large islands of Indonesia.
Grammatophyllum Blume Derivation of name from the Greek gramma (letter) and phyllon (leaf), in reference to the dark and conspicuous marking of the sepals and petals, Indonesia has four species, distributed from Sumatra trough Papua (West New Guinea).
Liparis L.C. Rich. Small terrestrial, lithophytic or less commonly epiphytic herbs arising from pseudobulbs or corms. Derivation of name form the Greek liparos (shiny or greasy) , referring to to the smooth glossy sheen of the leaves of many species. Many Liparis species from Indonesia usually a mountain plant, so they need cool temperature to grow well.
Luisia Gaud. Erect or climbing monopodial epyphytes with fairly long stems and terete leave, consist of 40 species, Luisia distributed in tropical Asia, Malaysia, Indonesia and Australia.
Malleola J.J.Sm. & Schltr.
Paphiopedilum Pfitz. The name Paphiopedilum is derived from Greek words paphius and pedilon, which mean shoes. The popular name for Paphiopedilum is Lady’s Slipper, Indonesians called them incorrectly “anggrek kantung semar”. Paphiopedilum are mostly terrestrial and only sometimes growing as epiphytic plants. In Indonesia they are found in Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Celebes through Papua (West New Guinea). Paphiopedilum are low light orchids, their natural habitat is the jungle floor. Some species like Paphiopedilum javanicum have a unique symbiosis with some ferns, because they are always found on grounds that smell like amonia below certain species of fern.
Paraphalaenopsis A.D. Hawkes Pendent or less commonly erect epiphytes with short leafy stems and stout fleshy roots. Paraphalaenopsis is a genus of four species endemic to the island of Borneo. Derivation of name from The Greek Para (near) and Phalaenopsis, the orchids genus of that name, in allusion to the close affinity of the two genera.
Phaius
Phalaenopsis Blume The name Phalaenopsis is derived from phalaenos, a moth, and opsis, the appearance, and was suggested by Dutch botanist C.L. Blume, who, when the first specimen was found in 1852 in the eastern part of Java and named Phalaenopsis amabilis, likened them to tropical moths in flight. Most of these species are native to South East Asia (Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines).

Phalaenopsis are epiphytic or lithophytic plants, that grow attached to the branches and trunks of trees, rocks and mossy banks overhanging waters, and are almost always found in deep shade. The majority of species flourish in the wild where the temperature is naturally uniform, ranging from 24ºC at night to 35ºC during the day. In this page you can find some of the most popular Phalaenopsis of Indonesia

Pholidota Lindl. ex Hooker Medium-sized epiphytic or lithophytic herbs, with a creeping or pendent rhizome. Derivation of name from the Greek pholidotos (scaly), descriptive either of the large inflorescence bract of the large sheaths surrounding the pseudobulbs.
Pomatocalpa Breda Terrestrial or epiphytic monopodials with long or short stem and flat leaves. Sumatra have 4 and Java 4 species, this genus is allied to Acampe, Trichoglottis and Gastrochilus.
Spathoglottis Bl. Terrestrial herb with fibrous, epiphytic-type roots. Derivation of name from The Grrek spathe (spathe) and glotta (tongue), alluding to the unusually broad mid-lobe of the lip.
Taeniophyllum Bl. Small, almost stem-less monopodial epiphytes without any leaves but green roots, flower are borne on short unbranched racemes, So far 160 species have been named which are found from India throughout South East Asia and some Pacific islands. Comber in his book “Orchids Of Java” recorded: Sumatra have 10 species, Java 20 species, Borneo 6 species, New Guinea 84 species. So Indonesia can claim to be the centre of distribution of this genus.
Thrixspermum Bl. Monopodial, mostly epiphytic but a few are terrestrial, with long and short stem and flat leaves. Inflorescences extend gradually with only one or a few flowers open at a time. A genus which shows a great deal of variation both in vegetative and floral characters, A total 60 species are reported, all of which are found in the Old World.
Trichoglottis Blume Derivation of name from the Greek thrix (hair) and glotta (tongue), referring to the often pubescents dactylate process in the throat of the lip. This epiphytic herbs with long, climbing or hanging, leafy, monopodial stems widespread in Indonesia, from Sumatra to eastern part of Indonesia.
Vanda Jones The name Vanda came from the Indian language. It means that people like these plants by their fragrance, color and the shape of flower. There are about 80 species of Vanda, native to The Himalayas, Indo-China, Indonesia and nothern Australia. Vanda are monopodial orchids and mostly epiphytic. In Java they can be found on trunks and branches of trees (especially Arenga sp. and Tamarindus indica) in the jungle. Sometimes they grow as lithophytes on rocks. All Vanda enjoy the bright light, and if given sufficiently they may bloom two or three times a year.
Other species

SUMBER : ORCHID INDONESIA (Fragrant Orchids – FRANKIE HANDOYO)

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